Song of Songs 3:7

Behold the couch, which is Solomon's; threescore valiant men are about it, of the valiant of Israel.
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Ambrose of Milan

AD 397
Do you, therefore, grind your faith so that you may be like the soul that excites in itself the love of Christ, that the powers of heaven admire as it mounts up, that it may rise easily and soar above this world with joy and gladness. Like the vine, put forth branches, and like smoke, rise on high, shedding the odor of a holy resurrection and the sweetness of faith, as you have it written: “Who is she that goes up by the desert like a branch of the vine burning with smoke, fragrant with myrrh and frankincense, and with all the powders of the perfumer?” - "Letter 77, To Laymen"

Ambrose of Milan

AD 397
For Solomon made himself a bed of wood from Lebanon. Its pillars were of silver, its bottom of gold, its back strewn with gems. - "Concerning Virgins 3.5.21"


AD 500
Thus he was crowned by the blessed mother who begot him according to the flesh, Christ the King, the true Solomon. This was the day of his wedding and the day of gladness of heart, when the immaculate was joined to the stained. Our Lord Jesus Christ made the church immaculate by the touch of his body and blood and rendered it most beautiful, cleansed from every stain of sin by the most holy washing of baptism, with every wrinkle of heretical inclination wiped away by the salve of doctrine. - "Exposition of Song of Songs 5.48"

Aquinas Study Bible

AD 2017
bed of Solomon: that is eternal blessedness, in which the King rests with His saints. (St. Bede) Christ the King, is the true Solomon. (Apponius) sixty mighty men: we understand the preachers throughout the world who fulfill the decalogue of the law with the perfection of works. (Alcuin)


AD 735
Solomon’s litter, therefore, is the glory of heavenly beatitude in which the King of peace himself rests with his saints, a rest toward which the King’s beloved, that is, the church, strains daily through the desert of this world and already partly enjoys, insofar as he gives his faithful a foretaste of their future reward. But they will receive it fully only when, at the end of the age, the founder and king of the heavenly city gathers the elect from the four winds and, as was said elsewhere, “girds himself and makes them recline at table and serves them.” - "Commentary on the Songs of Songs 2.3.7"

Cyril of Alexandria

AD 444
See commentary on Song of Solomon 2:7. The myrrh that was mixed with frankincense was used for burying him, but frankincense because whoever rises with Christ shares his divinity. And the ecclesiastical soul is imbued not only with these fragrances but also with various principles of knowledge. For whoever discerns accurately and searches all the way to the highest peak will be said to crush everything and reduce to dust the doctrines of good fragrance, like some perfume with which the bride is now said to be fragrant. Perhaps also the one who does not live according to the flesh but according to the Spirit, whose heart has not been hardened, generating and preserving various sweet smells, renders a good odor from all the herbs which are now called perfumes. Likewise, some will say that the holy and ecclesiastical soul, a daughter formerly destitute of God, ascends from the assembly of the Gentiles, that is, from the desert of those who are remiss in dogmas, words and deeds, having aba...

George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
Bed. Being stationed at the door to prevent any alarm, v. 8. (Calmet) In the Church Christ finds his repose, and daily produces the only heirs of heaven. (Ven. Bede) The angels, saints and pastors watch to defend it against the spirits of darkness. (Menochius)

Gregory of Nyssa

AD 394
What then is their meaning? Perhaps the loveliness of the divine beauty has something fearful about it as characterized by elements contrary to corporeal beauty. What attracts our desire is pleasant to the sight, soft to the touch, and not associated with anything fearful or terrifying. But that incorruptible beauty is fearful, terrifying and not easily frightened. Since our desire for carnal things in the body’s members is subject to passion and defilement, like a band of robbers it ambushes the mind, captivates it and carries away the will. Therefore it becomes God’s enemy; as the apostle says, the wisdom of the flesh arises from what is inimical to God. It follows that the love of God arises from what is opposed to carnal desire. If carnal desire consists of weakness, laxity and laziness, the love of God is made up of a fearful, terrifying fortitude. An unrelenting anger scares and puts to flight the ambush resulting from pleasure, thus revealing the soul’s beauty as pure and no lon...

Hippolytus of Rome

AD 235
“Behold the litter of Solomon surrounded by sixty mighty men from the powerful of Israel, each one equipped with a sword and trained for battle.” O blessed sight! O litter of sabbath rest! For Solomon’s litter reveals nothing other than Christ himself. - "Treatise on the Song of Songs 27.1"

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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