Maccabees 1 6

1About that time king Antiochus travelling through the high countries heard say, that Elymais in the country of Persia was a city greatly renowned for riches, silver, and gold;
2And that there was in it a very rich temple, wherein were coverings of gold, and breastplates, and shields, which Alexander, son of Philip, the Macedonian king, who reigned first among the Grecians, had left there.
3Therefore he came and sought to take the city, and to spoil it; but he was not able, because they of the city, having had warning thereof,
4Rose up against him in battle: so he fled, and departed thence with great heaviness, and returned to Babylon.
5Moreover there came one who brought him tidings into Persia, that the armies, which went against the land of Judea, were put to flight:
6And that Lysias, who went forth first with a great power was driven away of the Jews; and that they were made strong by the armor, and power, and store of spoils, which they had gotten of the armies, whom they had destroyed:
7Also that they had pulled down the abomination, which he had set up upon the altar in Jerusalem, and that they had compassed about the sanctuary with high walls, as before, and his city Bethsura.
8Now when the king heard these words, he was astonished and sore moved: whereupon he laid him down upon his bed, and fell sick for grief, because it had not befallen him as he looked for.
9And there he continued many days: for his grief was ever more and more, and he made account that he should die.
10Therefore he called for all his friends, and said to them, The sleep is gone from mine eyes, and my heart fails for very care.
11And I thought with myself, Into what tribulation am I come, and how great a flood of misery is it, wherein now I am! for I was bountiful and beloved in my power.
12But now I remember the evils that I did at Jerusalem, and that I took all the vessels of gold and silver that were therein, and sent to destroy the inhabitants of Judea without a cause.
13I perceive therefore that for this cause these troubles are come upon me, and, behold, I perish through great grief in a strange land.
14Then called he for Philip, one of his friends, who he made ruler over all his realm,
15And gave him the crown, and his robe, and his signet, to the end he should bring up his son Antiochus, and nourish him up for the kingdom.
16So king Antiochus died there in the hundred forty and ninth year.
17Now when Lysias knew that the king was dead, he set up Antiochus his son, whom he had brought up being young, to reign in his stead, and his name he called Eupator.
18About this time they that were in the tower shut up the Israelites round about the sanctuary, and sought always their hurt, and the strengthening of the heathen.
19Therefore Judas, purposing to destroy them, called all the people together to besiege them.
20So they came together, and besieged them in the hundred and fifties year, and he made mounts for shot against them, and other engines.
21Howbeit certain of them that were besieged got forth, to whom some ungodly men of Israel joined themselves:
22And they went to the king, and said, How long will it be ere you execute judgment, and avenge our brethren?
23We have been willing to serve your father, and to do as he would have us, and to obey his commandments;
24For which cause they of our nation besiege the tower, and are alienated from us: moreover as many of us as they could light on they killed, and spoiled our inheritance.
25Neither have they stretched out their hand against us only, but also against their borders.
26And, behold, this day are they besieging the tower at Jerusalem, to take it: the sanctuary also and Bethsura have they fortified.
27Therefore if you do not prevent them quickly, they will do the greater things than these, neither shall you be able to rule them.
28Now when the king heard this, he was angry, and gathered together all his friends, and the captains of his army, and those that had charge of the horse.
29There came also to him from other kingdoms, and from isles of the sea, bands of hired soldiers.
30So that the number of his army was an hundred thousand footmen, and twenty thousand horsemen, and two and thirty elephants exercised in battle.
31These went through Idumea, and pitched against Bethsura, which they assaulted many days, making engines of war; but they of Bethsura came out, and burned them with fire, and fought valiantly.
32Upon this Judas removed from the tower, and pitched in Bathzacharias, over against the king's camp.
33Then the king rising very early marched fiercely with his host toward Bathzacharias, where his armies made them ready to battle, and sounded the trumpets.
34And to the end they might provoke the elephants to fight, they showed them the blood of grapes and mulberries.
35Moreover they divided the beasts among the armies, and for every elephant they appointed a thousand men, armed with coats of mail, and with helmets of brass on their heads; and beside this, for every beast were ordained five hundred horsemen of the best.
36These were ready at every occasion: wherever the beast was, and wherever the beast went, they went also, neither departed they from him.
37And upon the beasts were there strong towers of wood, which covered every one of them, and were girded fast to them with devices: there were also upon every one two and thirty strong men, that fought upon them, beside the Indian that ruled him.
38As for the remnant of the horsemen, they set them on this side and that side at the two parts of the host giving them signs what to do, and being harnessed all over amidst the ranks.
39Now when the sun shone upon the shields of gold and brass, the mountains glistered therewith, and shined like lamps of fire.
40So part of the king's army being spread upon the high mountains, and part on the valleys below, they marched on safely and in order.
41Therefore all that heard the noise of their multitude, and the marching of the company, and the rattling of the harness, were moved: for the army was very great and mighty.
42Then Judas and his host drew near, and entered into battle, and there were slain of the king's army six hundred men.
43Eleazar also, surnamed Savaran, perceiving that one of the beasts, armed with royal harness, was higher than all the rest, and supposing that the king was upon him,
44Put himself in jeopardy, to the end he might deliver his people, and get him a perpetual name:
45Therefore he ran upon him courageously through the midst of the battle, slaying on the right hand and on the left, so that they were divided from him on both sides.
46Which done, he crept under the elephant, and thrust him under, and killed him: whereupon the elephant fell down upon him, and there he died.
47Howbeit the rest of the Jews seeing the strength of the king, and the violence of his forces, turned away from them.
48Then the king's army went up to Jerusalem to meet them, and the king pitched his tents against Judea, and against mount Sion.
49But with them that were in Bethsura he made peace: for they came out of the city, because they had no food there to endure the siege, it being a year of rest to the land.
50So the king took Bethsura, and set a garrison there to keep it.
51As for the sanctuary, he besieged it many days: and set there artillery with engines and instruments to cast fire and stones, and pieces to cast darts and slings.
52Whereupon they also made engines against their engines, and held them battle a long season.
53Yet at the last, their vessels being without food, (for that it was the seventh year, and they in Judea that were delivered from the Gentiles, had eaten up the residue of the store;)
54There were but a few left in the sanctuary, because the famine did so prevail against them, that they were fain to disperse themselves, every man to his own place.
55At that time Lysias heard say, that Philip, whom Antiochus the king, while he lived, had appointed to bring up his son Antiochus, that he might be king,
56Was returned out of Persia and Media, and the king's host also that went with him, and that he sought to take to him the ruling of the affairs.
57Therefore he went in all haste, and said to the king and the captains of the host and the company, We decay daily, and our food are but small, and the place we lay siege to is strong, and the affairs of the kingdom lie upon us:
58Now therefore let us be friends with these men, and make peace with them, and with all their nation;
59And covenant with them, that they shall live after their laws, as they did before: for they are therefore displeased, and have done all these things, because we abolished their laws.
60So the king and the princes were content: therefore he sent to them to make peace; and they accepted thereof.
61Also the king and the princes made an oath to them: whereupon they went out of the strong hold.
62Then the king entered into mount Sion; but when he saw the strength of the place, he broke his oath that he had made, and gave commandment to pull down the wall round about.
63Afterward departed he in all haste, and returned to Antiochia, where he found Philip to be master of the city: so he fought against him, and took the city by force.

Commentaries for Maccabees 1 6:0


Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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