1Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshing floors.
2Therefore David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go and strike these Philistines? And the LORD said unto David,
Go, and strike the Philistines, and save Keilah.
3And David's men said unto him, Behold, we are afraid here in Judah: how much more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines?
4Then David inquired of the LORD yet again. And the LORD answered him and said,
Arise, go down to Keilah: for I will deliver the Philistines into your hand.
5So David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and brought away their cattle, and struck them with a great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
6And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.
7And it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah. And Saul said, God has delivered him into my hand; for he is shut in, by entering into a town that has gates and bars.
8And Saul called all the people together to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.
9And David knew that Saul secretly plotted evil against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring here the ephod.
10Then said David, O LORD God of Israel, your servant has certainly heard that Saul seeks to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake.
11Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? will Saul come down, as your servant has heard? O LORD God of Israel, I beseech you, tell your servant. And the LORD said,
He will come down.
12Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said,
They will deliver you up.
13Then David and his men, who were about six hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah, and went wherever they could go. And it was told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah; and he decided not to go there.
14And David abode in the wilderness in strongholds, and remained in the mountains in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand.
15And David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a forest.
16And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the forest, and strengthened his hand in God.
17And he said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you; and you shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next unto you; and that also Saul my father knows.
18And they both made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the forest, and Jonathan went to his house.
19Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Does not David hide himself with us in strongholds in the forest, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon?
20Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of your soul to come down; and our part shall be to deliver him into the king's hand.
21And Saul said, Blessed be you of the LORD; for you have compassion on me.
22Go, I pray you, prepare yet, and know and see the place where his hideout is, and who has seen him there: for it is told me that he deals very craftily.
23See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hides himself, and come you again to me with certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah.
24And they arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon.
25Saul also and his men went to seek him. And they told David: therefore he came down to a rock, and abode in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon.
26And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain: and David made haste to get away for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men surrounded David and his men to take them.
27But there came a messenger unto Saul, saying, Haste you, and come; for the Philistines have invaded the land.
28Therefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth.
29And David went up from there, and dwelt in strongholds at Engedi.
Commentaries for 1 Samuel 23:0