1 Esdras 8

1And after these things, when Artaxerxes the king of the Persians reigned came Esdras the son of Saraias, the son of Ezerias, the son of Helchiah, the son of Salum,
2The son of Sadduc, the son of Achitob, the son of Amarias, the son of Ezias, the son of Meremoth, the son of Zaraias, the son of Savias, the son of Boccas, the son of Abisum, the son of Phinees, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the chief priest.
3This Esdras went up from Babylon, as a scribe, being very ready in the law of Moses, that was given by the God of Israel.
4And the king did him honor: for he found grace in his sight in all his requests.
5There went up with him also certain of the children of Israel, of the priest of the Levites, of the holy singers, porters, and ministers of the temple, to Jerusalem,
6In the seventh year of the reign of Artaxerxes, in the fifth month, this was the king's seventh year; for they went from Babylon in the first day of the first month, and came to Jerusalem, according to the prosperous journey which the Lord gave them.
7For Esdras had very great skill, so that he omitted nothing of the law and commandments of the Lord, but taught all Israel the ordinances and judgments.
8Now the copy of the commission, which was written from Artaxerxes the king, and came to Esdras the priest and reader of the law of the Lord, is this that follows;
9King Artaxerxes to Esdras the priest and reader of the law of the Lord sends greeting:
10Having determined to deal graciously, I have given order, that such of the nation of the Jews, and of the priests and Levites being within our realm, as are willing and desirous should go with you to Jerusalem.
11As many therefore as have a mind thereto, let them depart with you, as it has seemed good both to me and my seven friends the counselors;
12That they may look to the affairs of Judea and Jerusalem, agreeably to that which is in the law of the Lord;
13And carry the gifts to the Lord of Israel to Jerusalem, which I and my friends have vowed, and all the gold and silver that in the country of Babylon can be found, to the Lord in Jerusalem,
14With that also which is given of the people for the temple of the Lord their God at Jerusalem: and that silver and gold may be collected for bullocks, rams, and lambs, and things thereto appertaining;
15To the end that they may offer sacrifices to the Lord upon the altar of the Lord their God, which is in Jerusalem.
16And whatever you and your brethren will do with the silver and gold, that do, according to the will of your God.
17And the holy vessels of the Lord, which are given you for the use of the temple of your God, which is in Jerusalem, you shall set before your God in Jerusalem.
18And whatever thing else you shall remember for the use of the temple of your God, you shall give it out of the king's treasury.
19And I king Artaxerxes have also commanded the keepers of the treasures in Syria and Phenice, that whatever Esdras the priest and the reader of the law of the most high God shall send for, they should give it him with speed,
20To the sum of an hundred talents of silver, likewise also of wheat even to an hundred cors, and an hundred pieces of wine, and other things in abundance.
21Let all things be performed after the law of God diligently to the most high God, that wrath come not upon the kingdom of the king and his sons.
22I command you also, that you require no tax, nor any other imposition, of any of the priests, or Levites, or holy singers, or porters, or ministers of the temple, or of any that have doings in this temple, and that no man have authority to impose any thing upon them.
23And you, Esdras, according to the wisdom of God ordain judges and justices, that they may judge in all Syria and Phenice all those that know the law of your God; and those that know it not you shall teach.
24And whoever shall transgress the law of your God, and of the king, shall be punished diligently, whether it be by death, or other punishment, by penalty of money, or by imprisonment.
25Then said Esdras the scribe, Blessed be the only Lord God of my fathers, who has put these things into the heart of the king, to glorify his house that is in Jerusalem:
26And has honored me in the sight of the king, and his counselors, and all his friends and nobles.
27Therefore was I encouraged by the help of the Lord my God, and gathered together men of Israel to go up with me.
28And these are the chief according to their families and several dignities, that went up with me from Babylon in the reign of king Artaxerxes:
29Of the sons of Phinees, Gerson: of the sons of Ithamar, Gamael: of the sons of David, Lettus the son of Sechenias:
30Of the sons of Pharez, Zacharias; and with him were counted an hundred and fifty men:
31Of the sons of Pahath Moab, Eliaonias, the son of Zaraias, and with him two hundred men:
32Of the sons of Zathoe, Sechenias the son of Jezelus, and with him three hundred men: of the sons of Adin, Obeth the son of Jonathan, and with him two hundred and fifty men:
33Of the sons of Elam, Josias son of Gotholias, and with him seventy men:
34Of the sons of Saphatias, Zaraias son of Michael, and with him threescore and ten men:
35Of the sons of Joab, Abadias son of Jezelus, and with him two hundred and twelve men:
36Of the sons of Banid, Assalimoth son of Josaphias, and with him an hundred and threescore men:
37Of the sons of Babi, Zacharias son of Bebai, and with him twenty and eight men:
38Of the sons of Astath, Johannes son of Acatan, and with him an hundred and ten men:
39Of the sons of Adonikam the last, and these are the names of them, Eliphalet, Jewel, and Samaias, and with them seventy men:
40Of the sons of Bago, Uthi the son of Istalcurus, and with him seventy men.
41And these I gathered together to the river called Theras, where we pitched our tents three days: and then I surveyed them.
42But when I had found there none of the priests and Levites,
43Then sent I to Eleazar, and Iduel, and Masman,
44And Alnathan, and Mamaias, and Joribas, and Nathan, Eunatan, Zacharias, and Mosollamon, principal men and learned.
45And I bade them that they should go to Saddeus the captain, who was in the place of the treasury:
46And commanded them that they should speak to Daddeus, and to his brethren, and to the treasurers in that place, to send us such men as might execute the priests' office in the house of the Lord.
47And by the mighty hand of our Lord they brought to us skillful men of the sons of Moli the son of Levi, the son of Israel, Asebebia, and his sons, and his brethren, who were eighteen.
48And Asebia, and Annuus, and Osaias his brother, of the sons of Channuneus, and their sons, were twenty men.
49And of the servants of the temple whom David had ordained, and the principal men for the service of the Levites to wit, the servants of the temple two hundred and twenty, the catalogue of whose names were showed.
50And there I vowed a fast to the young men before our Lord, to desire of him a prosperous journey both for us and them that were with us, for our children, and for the cattle:
51For I was ashamed to ask the king footmen, and horsemen, and conduct for safeguard against our adversaries.
52For we had said to the king, that the power of the Lord our God should be with them that seek him, to support them in all ways.
53And again we implored our Lord as touching these things, and found him favourable to us.
54Then I separated twelve of the chief of the priests, Esebrias, and Assanias, and ten men of their brethren with them:
55And I weighed them the gold, and the silver, and the holy vessels of the house of our Lord, which the king, and his council, and the princes, and all Israel, had given.
56And when I had weighed it, I delivered to them six hundred and fifty talents of silver, and silver vessels of an hundred talents, and an hundred talents of gold,
57And twenty golden vessels, and twelve vessels of brass, even of fine brass, glittering like gold.
58And I said to them, Both you are holy to the Lord, and the vessels are holy, and the gold and the silver is a vow to the Lord, the Lord of our fathers.
59Watch you, and keep them till you deliver them to the chief of the priests and Levites, and to the principal men of the families of Israel, in Jerusalem, into the chambers of the house of our God.
60So the priests and the Levites, who had received the silver and the gold and the vessels, brought them to Jerusalem, into the temple of the Lord.
61And from the river Theras we departed the twelfth day of the first month, and came to Jerusalem by the mighty hand of our Lord, which was with us: and from the beginning of our journey the Lord delivered us from every enemy, and so we came to Jerusalem.
62And when we had been there three days, the gold and silver that was weighed was delivered in the house of our Lord on the fourth day to Marmoth the priest the son of Iri.
63And with him was Eleazar the son of Phinees, and with them were Josabad the son of Jesu and Moeth the son of Sabban, Levites: all was delivered them by number and weight.
64And all the weight of them was written up the same hour.
65Moreover they that were come out of the captivity offered sacrifice to the Lord God of Israel, even twelve bullocks for all Israel, fourscore and sixteen rams,
66Threescore and twelve lambs, goats for a peace offering, twelve; all of them a sacrifice to the Lord.
67And they delivered the king's commandments to the king's stewards' and to the governors of Celosyria and Phenice; and they honored the people and the temple of God.
68Now when these things were done, the rulers came to me, and said,
69The nation of Israel, the princes, the priests and Levites, have not put away from them the strange people of the land, nor the pollutions of the Gentiles to wit, of the Canaanites, Hittites, Pheresites, Jebusites, and the Moabites, Egyptians, and Edomites.
70For both they and their sons have married with their daughters, and the holy seed is mixed with the strange people of the land; and from the beginning of this matter the rulers and the great men have been partakers of this iniquity.
71And as soon as I had heard these things, I tore my clothes, and the holy garment, and pulled off the hair from off my head and beard, and sat me down sad and very heavy.
72So all they that were then moved at the word of the Lord God of Israel assembled to me, while I mourned for the iniquity: but I sat still full of heaviness until the evening sacrifice.
73Then rising up from the fast with my clothes and the holy garment tore, and bowing my knees, and stretching forth my hands to the Lord,
74I said, O Lord, I am confounded and ashamed before your face;
75For our sins are multiplied above our heads, and our ignorances have reached up to heaven.
76For ever since the time of our fathers we have been and are in great sin, even to this day.
77And for our sins and our fathers' we with our brethren and our kings and our priests were given up to the kings of the earth, to the sword, and to captivity, and for a prey with shame, to this day.
78And now in some measure has mercy been showed to us from you, O Lord, that there should be left us a root and a name in the place of your sanctuary;
79And to discover to us a light in the house of the Lord our God, and to give us food in the time of our servitude.
80Yes, when we were in bondage, we were not forsaken of our Lord; but he made us gracious before the kings of Persia, so that they gave us food;
81Yes, and honored the temple of our Lord, and raised up the desolate Sion, that they have given us a sure dwelling in Jewry and Jerusalem.
82And now, O Lord, what shall we say, having these things? for we have transgressed your commandments, which you gave by the hand of your servants the prophets, saying,
83That the land, which you enter into to possess as an heritage, is a land polluted with the pollutions of the strangers of the land, and they have filled it with their uncleanness.
84Therefore now shall you not join your daughters to their sons, neither shall you take their daughters to your sons.
85Moreover you shall never seek to have peace with them, that you may be strong, and eat the good things of the land, and that you may leave the inheritance of the land to your children for evermore.
86And all that is befallen is done to us for our wicked works and great sins; for you, O Lord, did make our sins light,
87And did give to us such a root: but we have turned back again to transgress your law, and to mingle ourselves with the uncleanness of the nations of the land.
88Mightest not you be angry with us to destroy us, till you had left us neither root, seed, nor name?
89O Lord of Israel, you are true: for we are left a root this day.
90Behold, now are we before you in our iniquities, for we can't stand any longer by reason of these things before you.
91And as Esdras in his prayer made his confession, weeping, and lying flat upon the ground before the temple, there gathered to him from Jerusalem a very great multitude of men and women and children: for there was great weeping among the multitude.
92Then Jechonias the son of Jeelus, one of the sons of Israel, called out, and said, O Esdras, we have sinned against the Lord God, we have married strange women of the nations of the land, and now is all Israel aloft.
93Let us make an oath to the Lord, that we will put away all our wives, which we have taken of the heathen, with their children,
94Like as you have decreed, and as many as do obey the law of the Lord.
95Arise and put in execution: for to you does this matter appertain, and we will be with you: do valiantly.
96So Esdras arose, and took an oath of the chief of the priests and Levites of all Israel to do after these things; and so they sware.

Commentaries for 1 Esdras 8:0


Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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