The word that the LORD spoke against Babylon and against the land of the Chaldeans by Jeremiah the prophet.
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George Leo Haydock
Prophet. He had spoken against them in the fourth year of Joachim, and now is more explicit in the fourth of Sedecias, (chap. li. 60.) sending his predictions to be read, and then thrown into the Euphrates. The fall of Babylon was gradual. It was in consequence of her pride and cruelty, ver. 11, 17, 23, 29., and Isaias xlvii. 6. (Calmet)
It had shown the greatest enmity to the Jews, and was at last overthrown by the Medes and Persians. (Worthington)