Job 38:1

Then the LORD answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said,
Read Chapter 38

George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
Then. Septuagint, "After Eliu had ceased to speak. "(Haydock) Lord. That is, an angel speaking in the name of the Lord. (Challoner) The name Jehova (Haydock) here occurs, though it never does in the speeches; whence many have inferred that the Lord spoke in person; which argument, however, is not conclusive; and that this work was written after the apparition in the burning bush. (Calmet) The Hebrew edition would at least be given after that event. Whirlwind, designed to strike the senses, (Haydock) and to represent the distressed condition of Job. (Pineda) This awful appearance imposed silence upon all. (Haydock) Some think that a time was allowed for reflection and repentance, before God passed sentence; but the Septuagint, seem to suppose that the cause was decided as soon as Eliu had ended his discourse. (Calmet) God discusses the controversy, and gives sentence in favour of Job. (Worthington)

Gregory The Dialogist

AD 604
1. I see it must be observed, that if the speech were said to have been addressed to one in health and safety, the Lord would not be described as having spoken out of the whirlwind. But because He speaks to one who has been scourged, He is described as having spoken out of the whirlwind. For the Lord speaks to His servants in one way, when He improves them inwardly by compunction, and in another, when He presses on them with severity, lest they be puffed up. For by the gentle address of the Lord, is shewn His affectionate sweetness, but by His terrible, is pointed out His dreadful power. By the one the soul is persuaded to advance, by the other, that which is advancing is checked. In the one it learns what to desire, in the other what to fear. By the one He says, Be glad and rejoice, O daughter of Sion, for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee. [Zech. 2, 10] By the other it is said; The Lord will come in a tempest, and in the whirlwind are His paths. [Is. 66, 15] For He i...

John Chrysostom

AD 407
In my opinion, he has placed at this stage a cloud over this righteous man in order to raise his thoughts and to persuade him that “that voice” came “from above,” as [in the case] of the “mercy seat placed upon the ark of alliance.” Since the cloud is a symbol of heaven, it is as if God wanted to place heaven itself over Job, as if he had moved his throne near him. This is what also happened, it seems to me, “on the mountain,” when “the cloud” settled on it, so that we might learn that “the voice came from above.” Let us listen carefully, because it is the common Master of the universe who speaks. Let us see how he exhorts Job. Does he do it with the same vehemence of humankind? Not at all. Now we find a very clear solution to all the previous, disquieting questions, dear friends, which Job asked and to which we have tried to find a solution. - "Commentary on Job 38.1"

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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