Isaiah 10:34

And he shall cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall before the mighty one.
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Ephrem The Syrian

AD 373
[God spoke] of the branches (thickets), not the root. When the measure of the people’s sins was complete, John came and took up the roots of their trees. “For the ax is laid to the roots of the trees,” [the roots] which Isaiah had left [untouched]. When will this be, if not at the rising forth of the true One, who was designated by the [image of] the staff and the shoot, and upon whom rests the Spirit, who is referred to as being sevenfold. - "Commentary on Tatian’s Diatessaron 3.15"

Eusebius of Caesarea

AD 339
In this instance the birth of Christ from the seed of Jesse and David is joined with the destruction of Lebanon and the call of the Gentiles. - "Proof of the Gospel 8.4"

Eusebius of Caesarea

AD 339
In this instance Lebanon means Jerusalem … which the Word warns will fall with all of the men of greatness and glory. - "Proof of the Gospel 2.3"


AD 420
What Scripture once said cryptically, however, it now expresses more clearly: “for the glorious trees are ruined.” I want to know what is meant by the cedars of Lebanon that burned, the firs that wailed and the pines that fell. “The glorious trees,” it says, “are ruined.” “Wail, oaks of Bashan,” that is, of confusion and shame, for the thickest forest, which in Hebrew is called besor and is translated by the Septuagint as “densely wooded” [nemorosus], has been felled. In other words, wail because the temple, which had grown to unassailable strength, having been constructed by many different kings and rulers and later by Herod, was demolished by the invading Romans. Certain persons not familiar with this locale believe that Lebanon and the firs, pines and oaks, as well as Bashan and the dense or fortified forests, signify the competing powers of which Ezekiel had spoken under the names of Assyria and Pharaoh. “Behold, Assyria is a cedar in Lebanon, with strong branches and dense foliage...

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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