For they have gone up to Assyria, a wild donkey alone by itself: Ephraim has hired lovers.
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George Leo Haydock
Wild ass. It is very jealous of liberty, (Job xi. 12.) and of its females, so that it prevents the young males from becoming its rivals. (Pliny, viii. 30.; Solin xxx.)
If this were true, the species would soon perish. (Haydock)
The Israelites disdained subjection to strangers. They even rejected God, their king; for which reason he abandons them to servitude, in a foreign land. They had run furiously after idols, and had given presents to such lovers.