And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, says the LORD of hosts.
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Ambrose of Milan
How the disposition of the earth therefore depends upon the power of God, you may learn also where it is written: “He looks upon the earth and makes it tremble,” and elsewhere: “once again I move the earth.” Therefore the earth remains immovable not by its balances, but it is moved frequently by the nod and free will of God, as Job too says: “The Lord shakes it from its foundations, and its pillars tremble.” And elsewhere: “Hell is naked before him, and there is not covering for death. He stretches out the north over the empty space and hangs the earth upon nothing. He binds up the waters in his clouds. The pillars of heaven that fled away are in dread at his rebuke. By his power the seas are calmed, by his wisdom is struck down the sea monster, and the gates of heaven fear him.” By the will of God, therefore, the earth remains immovable. “The earth stands forever,” according to Ecclesiastes, yet it is moved by nods according to the will of God. It does not therefore continue to exist ...
There remain for discussion the three minor prophets who belong to the closing days of the captivity, namely, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi. To begin with, Haggai has the following brief but clear prophecy of Christ and the church: “For thus says the Lord of hosts: yet one little while, and I will move the heaven and the earth, and the sea and the dry land. And I will move all the nations, and the desired of all nations shall come.” It is obvious that this prediction is, in part, already fulfilled; the rest we may confidently expect at the end of the world. Surely God set the heavens rocking when angels and a star stood as witnesses to the birth of Christ; surely too he moved the earth when he performed the tremendous miracle of giving Christ a virgin birth. Surely he moved the sea and the dry land when he made Christ’s name known throughout the whole world, on island and on mainland. For the rest, we ourselves are witnesses of the fact that all nations are being moved to accept the fa...
Little. Christ was born 515 years afterwards. The world had been disturbed by Alexander and by the Romans, yet peace then prevailed. All nature acknowledged the power of Jesus Christ, and the world was reformed. Another commotion will take place at his second coming. (Calmet)