Haggai 1:1

In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Jehozadak, the high priest, saying,
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Cassiodorus Senator

AD 585
“The rejoicings of the Lord are in their throats, and twoedged swords in their hands to execute vengeance upon the nations, chastisements among the people.” We must observe how beautiful, how useful these differing expressions are. Earlier he said that the saints rejoice in their beds; now he says that the Lord’s rejoicings are set in their throats, the sense being that they never cease to praise, whether in thought or in tongue, him from whom they obtain eternal gifts. He also moves on to explain the power that they wield, with the words “and twoedged swords in their hands.” The twoedged sword is the word of the Lord Savior, of which Christ himself says in the Gospel: “I have come not to send peace to the earth but a sword.” It is a twoedged sword because it contains two Testaments. First it separated Jews from Gentiles; subsequently it segregated and cut off Christians from the enticements of the whole world. There is one sword but two ways of cutting that he grants to the chosen peo...

George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
Darius Hystaspes. (Calmet) When the Jews had no king, the prophets dated from the reign of the monarch on whom they were dependent. (Theodoret) Sixth; Elul, the last of the civil year, corresponding with our September. The harvest had been bad, and Aggeus assigns the reason. (Calmet) Governor. Literally, "duke "or captain. Septuagint, "of the tribe of Juda. "(Haydock) He descended from the kings of Juda, and was now chief governor by leave of Darius. (Worthington) Yet Cyrus had appointed Sarasar, (1 Esdras i. 8.) who perhaps, after the death of Cambyses, fled; as Zorobabel and Jesus are designated judges, and a crown is made for them, chap. ii. 24., Zacharias iii., and vi. 11. Still Thartanai, governor beyond the Euphrates, took cognizance of the Jewish affairs, 1 Esdras v. 3. The prince of Juda was therefore under him. Zorobabel was son or grandson of Sala Thiel, (1 Paralipomenon iii. 17.) or was adopted by him, being born of Phadaia. (Calmet) Jose Dec, who was led into captivit...


AD 420
While you are reflecting upon this thought, meditate upon the mystery that is hidden within it. If we lift up our hands, Jesus triumphs. If we lift up our hands in good works, through our good works, Christ overcomes the devil. Hands, moreover, connote good works, whereupon it is written: “The word of the Lord came by the hand of Haggai”; “the word that came by the hand of Jeremiah the prophet.” To be sure, the word of the Lord does not come by the hand but by the mouth, but grasp the mysticism of the Scripture. God does not come because of words but because of good works.


AD 420
The sword of God, which is the living Word of God, strikes through the things that people of their own accord, without the authority and testimonies of Scripture, invent and think up, pretending that it is apostolic tradition.

Richard Challoner

AD 1781
AGGEUS was one of those that returned from the captivity of Babylon, in the first year of the reign of king Cyrus. He was sent by the Lord, in the second year of the reign of king Darius, the son of Hystaspes, to exhort Zorobabel the prince of Juda, and Jesus the high priest, to the building of the temple; which they had begun, but left off again through the opposition of the Samaritans. In consequence of this exhortation they proceeded in the building and finished the temple. And the prophet was commissioned by the Lord to assure them that this second temple should be more glorious than the former, because the Messiah should honour it with his presence: signifying withal how much the church of the New Testament should excel that of the Old Testament.

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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