And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enosh: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD.
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Augustine of Hippo
Seth means “resurrection,” and the name of his son Enosh means “man.” The name Adam also means “man,” but in Hebrew it can be used for any human person, either male or female; as one can see from the text: “He created them male and female; and blessed them and called their name Adam.” This text leaves no doubt that Eve was given her proper name, whereas the common noun “adam,” or “human being,” applied to both Adam and Eve. It was different with the name Enosh. This means “man,” Hebrew scholars tell us, in the sense of a man as distinguished from a woman. Thus Enosh was a “son” of “resurrection.”
We have two lines of succession, one descending from Cain and the other from the son who was born to Adam in order to be the heir of Abel who was killed and to whom Adam gave the name of Seth. He is referred to in the words “God has given me another seed, for Abel whom Cain slew.” Thus it is that the two series of generations that are kept so distinct, the one from Seth and the other from Cain, symbolize the two cities with which I am dealing in this work, the heavenly city in exile on earth and the earthly city, whose only search and satisfaction are for and in the joys of earth.
After Seth begot Enosh, Moses wrote “at that time he began to call on the name of the Lord.” Because Seth had separated himself from the house of Cain, the Sethites were called by the name of the Lord, that is, the just people of the Lord. .
Began to call upon Not that Adam and Seth had not called upon God before the birth of Enos, but that Enos used more solemnity in the worship and invocation of God. (Challoner)
He directed all his thoughts towards heaven, being reminded by his own name, which signifies one afflicted, that he could look for no solid happiness on earth. Seth had brought him up, from his infancy, in these pious sentiments, and his children were so docile to his instructions, that they began to be known in the world for their extraordinary piety, and were even styled the Sons of God, chap. vi. 2. (Haydock)
Religion was not a human invention, but many ceremonies have been adopted, at different times, to make an impression on the minds of the people. Before Enos, the heads of families had officiated in their own houses; now, perhaps, they met together in places consecrated to the divine service, and sounded forth the praises of the Most High. Enos was probably most conspicuous for his zeal on these occasion...