And whosoever remains in any place where he sojourns, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with animals, besides the freewill offering for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.
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But the enemies of Judah and Benjamin heard that the children of the captivity were building a temple to the Lord God of Israel. And they approached Zerubbabel and the leading men of the fathers and said to them: 'Let us build with you, for we seek your God as you do: behold we have been sacrificing to him since the days of King Esarhaddon king of Assyria, who brought us here'. The story is well-known. By the enemies of Judah and Benjamin he means the Samaritans whom the king of the Assyrians, when the ten tribes had been captured, transported from various peoples of the Gentiles into their cities and lands; they later accepted God's law and observed it to a degree and yet continued to be slaves to the same idols as before. Therefore, because they despised the true worshippers of God, they promised to help them with their work so that, having been received into their fellowship, they might be able to cause them loss. Now it is readily obvious to anyone that such peoples figuratively st...
Rest, who do not please to return. The Jews went at different times, and under the different leaders, Zorobabel, Esdras, and Nehemias. Many did not return at all. Cyrus allowed them full liberty. He permits money to be exported, particularly the half sicle, required Exodus xxx. 13, and all voluntary contributions for the temple. (Grotius) (Calmet)
He also enjoins the prefects of the provinces, (ver. 6., and chap. iii. 7.) whom Josephus styles "the king's friends "to forward the work; and he even designed to perfect it at his own expence, chap. vi. 4.