Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.
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George Leo Haydock
Vasthi. Septuagint Astin. (Haydock)
Serarius suspects she was the king's sister, or daughter, as such marriages were common in Persia. (Tirinus)
The name is not very different from that of Atossa, the daughter of Cyrus, who was married to Cambyses, Smerdis, and Darius; to the latter of whom she bore four children. (Herodotus iii. 68., and vii. 3.
This prince had other wives, particularly Artistona, (Calmet; our Hadossa, (Haydock) or Esther) whom he espoused a virgin, and love the most. Herodotus seems to confound her with Atossa.
Dwell. Some Greek copies have "in her own palaces. "(Usher)
It was proper for women to be more retired. (Menochius)
The men feasted in the open air. (Haydock)
The person of Queen Vashti provides a clear expression of the Jewish people who themselves appeared to reign as queen when they were found to prevail over all the other nations in the worship of the one God. Therefore when she gave a banquet for the women where the king used to linger, this symbolized the Jewish people who demonstrated their observance of the law in the worship they performed in Jerusalem where the temple and the Holy of Holies used to be. - "Explanation on the Book of Esther 2"