Deuteronomy 33:17

His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of a wild ox: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh.
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Ambrose of Milan

AD 397
“The ten thousands of Ephraim and the thousands of Manasseh,” that is, let him rule over both the Jews and the Gentiles and acquire the fullness of the church for himself from both peoples.

George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
Bullock, or cow. Shor, denotes all the species, chap. xv. 19. Firstling, is likewise often put for the most excellent. Thus "his beauty, like the finest bullock. "The Egyptians had a high esteem for bulls; and Elian (ii. 10,) informs us that Mnevis, one of their kings, ordered the people to adore the bull, as the most beautiful of animals. Moses points at the kingdom of Israel, which was chiefly governed by the tribe of Ephraim; or perhaps he alludes to Josue, (Calmet) who was to succeed him, and to conquer the nations on the other side of the Jordan, with so much resolution and ability. (Haydock) Rhinoceros, as stronger and more penetrating. See Numbers xxxii. 22. (Calmet) Horns, designate strength and beauty, Psalm lxxiv. (Menochius) Push, alluding to the manner in which bulls attack their opponents, and hurl them into the air, sparsâ ad pugnam proludit arenâ. (Georg. iii.) (Calmet) Some of the Fathers have explained this passage of Jesus Christ, the first-born of the creation, ...

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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