You have hedged me behind and before, and laid your hand upon me.
All Commentaries on Psalms 139:5 Go To Psalms 139
George Leo Haydock
Last. Hebrew, "what are behind and before: "or, joining it with the sequel, "thou hast formed behind", which seems not so noble. (Berthier)
See Job x. 18.
Chaldean, "thou hast afflicted me before and behind, and hast stricken me with thy hand. "Hence the Rabbins have ridiculously inferred that God reduced the extraordinary size of Adam after his sin to 100 cubits! The sense of the Chaldean may be adopted, though the hand upon me, in Hebrew, may also signify the divine protection, Psalm lxxix. 18. (Calmet)