Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.
All Commentaries on Exodus 34:7 Go To Exodus 34
George Leo Haydock
Keepest. So the Targum of Jerusalem reads. Hebrew and Septuagint have, "keepeth. "
No man All have sinned, Romans iii. 23. Hebrew, "who will not clear the guilty "which is followed by the Chaldean and Septuagint. God is a just judge, who will assuredly punish the impenitent. Yet even in justice, he will remember mercy, and will stop at the third and fourth generation, (Calmet) when the influence of the progenitors' example can have but small influence upon their descendants. If, however, they prove guilty, they must expect chastisement, Exodus xx. 5.