2 Samuel 1:16

And David said unto him, Your blood be upon your head; for your mouth has testified against you, saying, I have slain the LORD'S anointed.
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Augustine of Hippo

AD 430
But when no laws or lawful authorities give command, it is not lawful to kill another, even if he wishes and asks for it and has no longer the strength to live, as is clearly proved by the Scripture in the book of Kings [Samuel], where King David ordered the slayer of King Saul to be put to death, although he said that he had been importuned by the wounded and half-dead king to kill him with one blow and to free his soul struggling with the fetters of the body and longing to be released from those torments. - "Letter 204"

George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
Head. None but thyself can be answerable for thy death. See Matthew xxvii. 25. David was already supreme magistrate, and he wished that all should be convinced that he rejoiced not at the death of the king, and that none might imitate the example of this wretch. (Calmet) Thus Vitellius punished the murderers of Galba, "not out of respect to Galba; but, according to the custom of princes, as a protection for the present, and a threat of vengeance for the future "in case any should dare to treat him in like manner. (Tacitus i.) Tradito principibus more, munimentum in præsens, in posterum ultionem.


AD 420
Hence, “his blood will come upon him,” that is, he will be the cause of his own death, according to which principle David said to the one who had announced Saul’s death and had related that the king of Israel fell on his own sword: “Your blood be upon your head.” Not by my sentence, but by the blood of Saul will your blood be spilled. - "Commentary on Hosea 3.12"

John Cassian

AD 435
We know that David went beyond the precepts of the law when, despite Moses’ command to pay back one’s enemies in kind, he not only did not do this but even embraced his persecutors in love, prayed devoutly to the Lord on their behalf, even wept mournfully for them and revenged them when they were slain. - "Conference 21.4.2"

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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