1 Samuel 7:12

Then Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpah and Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying, Thus far has the LORD helped us.
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Augustine of Hippo

AD 430
For we may be sure that the very aim of those who pass over [from Israelite to Christian] is transformed from the old to the new, so that the aim of each is no longer the attainment of material felicity but spiritual happiness. That explains the action of the great prophet Samuel himself, before he had anointed King Saul. Samuel cried out to the Lord on behalf of Israel, and God heard him; and when he offered a whole burnt offering, and the foreigners approached to do battle with the people of God, the Lord thundered over them, and they were thrown into confusion and panic as they faced Israel, and so they were overcome. Then Samuel took a stone and set it up between the old and the new Mizpah and gave it the name Ebenezer, which means “the stone of the helper.” And he said, “So far the Lord has helped us.” Now Mizpah means “aim.” That “stone of the helper” is the mediation of the Savior, through whom we must pass over from the old Mizpah to the new, that is, from the aim which looked ...


AD 420
“That stone which the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.” That is the stone that is called Ebenezer in the book of Kings [Samuel]. That stone is Christ. The name Ebenezer, moreover, means “the stone of help.” - "Homilies on the Psalms 46 (Ps 133)"

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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