1 Samuel 24:3

And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where there was a cave; and Saul went in to relieve himself: and David and his men remained in the recesses of the cave.
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Cassiodorus Senator

AD 585
David, as we have said, took on the character of the Lord Savior, and so what was to take place at the Lord’s passion is now recounted of him. David was not to be effaced from the kingdom allotted to him, just as the inscription of the Lord’s title could not be changed. The psalmist added, “When he fled from Saul into the cave.” This incident seems to be very similar in the cases of both David and the Lord. Just as David in fleeing from Saul hid in a cave, so the Lord Savior’s divinity is known to have been hidden within the temple of his body from the unfaithful Jews. In this way the individual events concerning David and Christ are shared by them in this respect. - "Exposition of the Psalms 56.1"

George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
Goats; an hyperbole. (Menochius) Hebrew, "upon the rocks of the wild goats. "(Haydock)


AD 420
Saul, unaware of David’s hiding place, also entered the cave in order to take care of his needs, I presume.… Accordingly, this psalm of David is accepted for certain in the name of the Lord; Saul appears as the devil, and the cave becomes this world. The devil, furthermore, does not discharge any good into this world, but only dung and corruption. Then, too, the cave symbolizes this world because its light is very imperfect when compared with the light of the future world, albeit the Lord, on coming into this world as light, brightens it up considerably. That is why the apostle, in relation to the Father, speaks of him “who is the brightness of his glory.” Now just as David entered the cave in his flight from Saul, the Lord, too, has come into this world and has suffered persecution. - "Homilies on the Psalms 52 (Ps 141)"

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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