Romans 2:28

For he is not a Jew, who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision, which is outward in the flesh:
Read Chapter 2

George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
Nor is that circumcision, which is outwardly in the flesh. St. Paul distinguisheth two sorts of circumcision; that which is made in the flesh, according to the letter of the law, which is an outward circumcision; and a more necessary circumcision of the heart, and of the spirit, by which a man's interior is reformed, and by which his vices and disorders are cut off. The first circumcision would never avail a man any thing without the second. (Witham)

John Chrysostom

AD 407
Here Paul attacks the Judaizers on the ground that much they do is for outward show.

Tertullian of Carthage

AD 220
The flesh; and "the Jew which is one inwardly "will be a subject of the self-same God as he also is who is "a Jew outwardly; ". On exactly the same principle, they consider the special soil of Judaea to be that very holy land, which ought rather to be interpreted of the Lord's flesh, which, in all those who put on Christ, is thenceforward the holy land; holy indeed by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, truly flowing with milk and honey by the sweetness of His assurance, truly Judaean by reason of the friendship of God. For "he is not a Jew which is one outwardly, but he who is one inwardly.". Of God introducing the spiritual circumcision.

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

App Store LogoPlay Store Logo