Romans 12:21

Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
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AD 400
It will do us much good if we refrain from evil. The person who appears to be overcome by evil for a time in fact may be overcoming evil, just as the Savior overcame evil by not resisting it. Evil works against itself, and when it is overcome it thinks that it has won! Our enemy acts in such a way as to divert us from our purpose, looking for an opportunity to make us sin. Therefore if we are provoked by him and do not reply in kind, we overcome him with good. Therefore we do not resist, in order to serve the good by ignoring the demands of justice for retribution. Commentary on Paul’s Epistles.

Augustine of Hippo

AD 430
The evil man who is overcome by good is set free, not from an exterior, foreign evil but from an interior, personal one, by which he is more grievously and ruinously laid waste than he would be by the inhumanity of any enemy from without.

Cyprian of Carthage

AD 258
Also in the same place: "Not to be overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good."

George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
This is the apostle's conclusion of the foregoing instructions. Be not overcome by the malice of thy enemy, so as to wish to revenge thyself, without leaving all to the just judgment of God; but overcome his malice by thy kindness. This is complied with, when upon occasion of injuries received we always make a return of kindness, and in proportion as the malice of our enemies increases, our spirit of benevolence should also increase. (Estius) _

John Chrysostom

AD 407
After giving the wronged person what he wants, Paul goes on to give him advice of a higher tone, telling him not to be overcome with evil. For he knew that even if the enemy was a brute he would not go on being an enemy once he was fed…. To overcome evil with good is true victory.

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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