But to Israel he says,
All day long I have stretched forth my hands unto a disobedient and contrary people.
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Here Israel refers to the Israel of the flesh, those who are children of Abraham but not according to faith. For the true Israel is spiritual and sees God by believing in him. “All day long” means “always.” This passage may also refer to the Savior, who held out his hands on the cross to plead forgiveness for those who were killing him. Commentary on Paul’s Epistles.
After the preaching of Christ, and his apostles, after so many wonders wrought by our Saviour, he at last offers himself to the Jewish people, with stretched-out hands, and yet they cannot be induced to believe in him. They resist him as much as they can, thus verifying the prophecy of holy Simeon, that he should be set up as a sign to be contradicted. (Luke ii.) (Estius)
"Whence, again, it is manifest that "the city must simultaneously be exterminated "at the time when its "Leader "had to suffer in it, (as foretold) through the Scriptures of the prophets, who say: "I have outstretched my hands the whole day unto a People contumacious and gainsaying Me, who walketh in a way not good, but after their own sins."