Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;
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George Leo Haydock
James, the son of Zebedee, called James the greater, put to death by Herod. (Acts xii. 2.) He was brother to John the Evangelist. The other James was called the less, also James of Alpheus, and the brother of the Lord, bishop of Jerusalem, martyred there about the year 61. (Witham)
Some take Bartholomew to be the same as Nathaniel. Bartholomew signifies son of Tholmew; and he might have been called Nathaniel, son of Thalmew. (Bible de Vence).
After this, when he had said, Philip, and Bartholomew, he added, Thomas, and Matthew the Publican. Matthew 10:3
But Luke not so, but in the opposite order, and he puts him before Thomas.
Next, James the son of Alphæus. For there was, as I have already said, the son of Zebedee also.