And Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him: and they went into a house.
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Augustine of Hippo
De Con. Evan. ii, 17: But letno one suppose that Simon now received his name and was called Peter, for thushe would make Mark contrary to John, who relates that it had been long before said unto him, “Thou shalt be called Cephas.” But Mark gives this account by way of recapitulation; for as he wished to give the names of the twelve Apostles, and was obliged to call him, Peter, his object was to intimate briefly, that he wasnot called this originally, but that the Lord gave him that name.
In Marc., 1, 16: After having forbidden the evil spirits to preach Him, He chose holy men, to cast out the unclean spirits, and to preach the Gospel. Wherefore it is said, “And He went up intoa mountain”.
For it was not a matter of their choice and zeal, but of Divine condescension and grace, that they should becalled to the Apostleship. The mount also in which the Lord chose His Apostles, hews the lofty righteousness in which they were to be instructed, and which they were about to preach to men.
For as a sacrament of this the children of Israel once used to encamp about the Tabernacle, so that on each of the four sides of the square three tribes were stationed. Now three times four are twelve, and in three bands of four the Apostles were sent to preach, that through the four quarters of the whole world they might baptize the nations in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. It goes on: “And He gave them power. "that is, in order that the greatness of their deeds might ...
Or spiritually, Christ is the mount, from which living waters flow, and milk is procured for the health of infants; whence the spiritual feast of fat things is made known, and whatsoever is believed to be most highly good is established by the grace of that Mountain. Those therefore who are highly exalted inmerits and in words are called up into a mountain, that the place may correspond to the loftiness of their merits. It goes on: “And they came unto Him.”.
Thus from obedience, which Simon signifies, the ascent is made to knowledge, which is meant by Peter. It goes on: “And James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother.”.
Gen. 27:36 see Catena Aurea, Matt. 10:2: Namely, James who has supplanted all the desires of the flesh, and John, who received by grace what others held by labour. There follows: “And He surnamed them,Boanerges.”.
Or by this the lofty merit of the three mentioned above is shewn, who merited to hear in the mountain the thunders of the Father, when he proclaimed in th...
Vict. Ant.e Cat. in Marc.: He also instructs the Prelates of the Church to pass the night in prayer before they ordain, that their office be not impeded. When therefore, according to Luke, it was day, He called whom He would; for there were many who followed Him.
Vict. Ant.e Cat. in Marc.: He calls the sons of Zebedee by this name, because they wereto spread over the world the mighty and illustrious decrees of the Godhead.
Luke, however, says that He went up to pray, for after the shewing forth of miracles He prays, teaching us that we should give thanks, when we obtain any thing good, and refer it to Divine grace.
Further, He gives the names of the Apostles, that the true Apostles might be known, so that men might avoid the false. And therefore it continues: “And Simon He surnamed Cephas.”.
Whom he reckons amongst the Apostles, that we may learn that God does not repel any man for wickedness, which is future, but counts him worthy on account of his present virtue.