And he said,
Abba, Father, all things are possible unto you; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what you will.
Read Chapter 14
Augustine of Hippo
To show sufferers that they need not despair, the true Savior became the good teacher by himself epitomizing the truth in his own person. He participated in our suffering in an empathic way, knowing that through human frailty sorrow might steal in upon our hearts amid afflictions, and knowing that we would overcome it if we yield to God’s will above our own, mindful that God knows best those whose wellbeing he superintends. .
Abba Father: Gr. Î±Ì‰Î²Î²Î±Ìƒ ÏŒ Ï€Î±Ï„Î®Î¶, where Father is in the nominative, as Mark interprets the Syriac word Î±Ì‰Î²Î² by the Greek Ï€Î±Ï„Î®Î¶; or rather the nom. Ï€Î±Ï„Î®Î¶ is put for the voc. Ï€Î¬Ï„ÎµÎ¶. For by a mark of affection, with the deepest feeling of the heart, Christ repeated the word Abba, or Father. Wherefore the Syriac has Abba Abi, i.e, Father, My Father. The Arabic has0 Father. S. Augustine (lib. de Consens. Evang. l4) thinks that Christ used both the Greek and the Syriac word; and that He spoke precisely as Mark has it, namely, Î¬Î²Î²Î±Ìƒ ÏŒ Ï€Î±Ï„Î®Î¶. For so the Apostle speaks, "In whom we cry, Abba Father" ( Romans 8:15, Vulg.). "We must think," says S. Augustine, "that the Lord said "Abba Father" to intimate the mystery of His Church, which was to be gathered out of Jews and Gentiles." And the Scholiast in S. Jerome says, "He speaks in Hebrew and Greek, because there is no distinction between Jew and Greek."
He knew what he was saying to his Father, and was well aware that this chalice could pass from him. But he had come to drink it for everyone, in order to acquit, through this chalice, the debt of everyone, [a debt] which the prophets and martyrs could not pay with their death…. He assumed flesh. He clothed himself with weakness, eating when hungry, becoming tired after working, being overcome by sleep when weary. It was necessary, when the time for his death arrived, that all things that have to do with the flesh would be fulfilled then. The anguish of death in fact invaded him, to manifest his nature as a son of Adam, over whom death reigns, according to the word of the apostle…. Or alternatively, in this hour of his corporeal death, he gave to the body that which belonged to it, saying that all the sufferings of [his] body would show to the heretics and schismatics that his body was [real]. Did not this body of his appear to them, just as it was visible to everyone else? Just as he w...
He does not pray that the cup may pass around him. He prays that the cup may pass away from him, but it cannot pass away unless he drinks it. To pass away does not mean to depart from its place, but not to exist at all. And this is indeed the very meaning that the apostles have in mind when they say: “Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.”
Although he was obedient, it was a voluntary obedience. The only begotten Son humbled himself, and obeyed his Father even to the death of the cross. But was it as human or as God that he was subjected to the Father? His subjection is that of one to whom all things have been subjected. This subjection is not a sign merely of a temporal obedience, for his allegiance is eternal. Rather it was an instance in time of the dispensation of the eternal mystery of his humbling. His actual humbling occurred within time. Yet in its very unpretentiousness it displays the eternal mystery of his humiliation.
Though with God nothing is impossible, yet for human nature it is impossible to ignore the fear of suffering. Only by trial can faith be proved. Thus as a human being he prays in a human manner that the cup may pass away, but as God from God, his will is in unison with the Father’s effectual will.
The Father from whom every nature has derived its laws is not subject to the laws of nature. The Father who transcends every measure of power is not limited in anything, either by deficiency or by changeability in his nature. As the Son said: “Father, all things are possible to thee.” So much so that the human mind cannot grasp as much as lies within his power.