But their eyes were held that they should not know him.
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Cornelius a Lapide
But their eyes were holden. You will ask, How was this effected?
1. Dionysius the Carthusian replies, and S. Augustine (lib. xxii. chap9 De Civit.) favours his opinion, that they were struck with blindness like the men of Sodom, Genesis 19:11. But this can hardly be true, for they saw Christ, and conversed with Him, although they knew Him not.
2. Cajetan thinks that their eyes were holden because their minds were so preoccupied, and taken up with the events which had come to pass. But the words of S. Mark 16:12, "He appeared in another form" are against this view.
3. S. Augustine (Epist59 , Qust. viii.) is of opinion that some change had come over the countenance of Christ, as at the transfiguration. But this does not accord with the dignity of his glorified body, which is changeless and everlasting. Later on, Augustine (De Consens. Evang. iii. chap25) changed his opinion and says that the eyes of the disciples were clouded over by Satan, or a darkness of some kind cast upon them,...