Ephesians 3:9

And to make all men see what is the plan of the mystery, which from the beginning of the ages has been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ:
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Gaius Marius Victorinus

AD 400
When he speaks of making “all men see the plan,” this includes both Israel and the Gentiles. Paul had doubtless received the gospel for the Gentiles. But the Jews too can see the plan if they follow and obey. .

Gaius Marius Victorinus

AD 400
Christ is the only begotten Son of God, and through him all the rest are created. Through him the works of God are created, as God works in and through him. All ages of time are subsequent to Christ, being made by Christ…. Therefore, even though God is acknowledged as the Creator, God is nonetheless Creator through Christ. The term Creator therefore does not pertain simply to God as such but pertains to Christ and through Christ to God. Christ who was eternally begotten created all things in time. God worked and created all things through Christ. .

George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
The Lord has commanded me to teach and declare his wisdom, displayed at this time in the mystery of our redemption; a mystery, which for so many ages, nay even from all eternity, has been locked up in the breast of the Almighty, but which he has at length vouchsafed to reveal. (Menochius)


AD 420
These riches of his generosity were “hidden from all past ages in God,” the Creator of all. Where are Marcion, Valentinus and the other heretics who say that there is one creator of the visible world and another creator of the invisible? … However, the phrase “mystery hidden from the ages” could also be understood to mean that the very ages of time remained ignorant of his generosity when all spiritual and rational creatures who inhabited all previous ages remained unenlightened. .

John Chrysostom

AD 407
* And to make all men see, says he, what is the dispensation of the mystery which from all ages has been hid in God, who created all things. Angels knew only this, that The Lord's portion was His people. Deuteronomy 32:8-9 And again it is said, The Prince of Persia withstood me. Daniel 10:13 So that it is nothing to be wondered at that they were ignorant of this; for if they were ignorant of the circumstances of the return from the Captivity, much more would they be of these things. For this is the gospel. It is He that shall save, it says, His people. Matthew 1:21 Not a word about the Gentiles. But what concerns the Gentiles the Spirit reveals. That they were called indeed, the Angels knew, but that it was to the same privileges as Israel, yea, even to sit upon the throne of God, this, who would ever have expected? Who would ever have believed? * Which has been hid, says he, in God. This dispensation, however, he more clearly unfolds in the Epistle to the Romans. In God, he conti...

Shepherd of Hermas

AD 150
God, who dwells in the heavens, and made out of nothing the things that exist, and multiplied and increased them on account of His holy Church,

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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