Ephesians 3:10

To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
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AD 400
So abundant was God’s wisdom that he not only gave this teacher (Paul) to the Gentiles but also caused the truth to become known to the angelic spirits in heaven, who are the principalities and powers. They are powers because they have more power among the other spirits and are principalities because they are the principal powers…. The goal of all this is that the preaching of the church should be profitable to the Gentiles also. They are called to forsake their allegiance to the devil’s tyranny. .

Clement Of Alexandria

AD 215
With reason, therefore, the apostle has called the wisdom of God "manifold "and which has manifested its power "in many departments and in many modes". -by art, by knowledge, by faith, by prophecy-for our benefit. "For all wisdom is from the Lord, and is with Him for ever "as says the wisdom of Jesus. which He purposed in Christ."

Gaius Marius Victorinus

AD 400
Paul briefly touches on all the parts of the mystery that we have spoken of above when he speaks of the “manifold wisdom of God,” whether this be that he sent his Son or that such great majesty assumed the form of a slave or that greater gifts were given. The promises are so great: the forgiveness of sins, the promise of heaven, eternal life, glorification and our inheritance together with the same Christ in his resurrection after death and even his death itself. This is what makes up the manifold wisdom of God. .

Gaius Marius Victorinus

AD 400
His expression through the church means through all the members of God and through every soul that has put on his mysteries and has hope in him. From this we understand what has been given to humanity. The powers and principalities in heaven are learning the wisdom of God through a human mediator. .

George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
That the manifold wisdom of God, and his other divine perfections of mercy, of justice may be more known, and seen executed by the coming of his Son, according to his eternal decrees of sending a Redeemer, in whom they are to believe, and have a hope and confidence of their eternal salvation. (Witham)

John Chrysostom

AD 407
In speaking of principalities and powers, he speaks both of those above and those beneath.

Tertullian of Carthage

AD 220
For the apostle goes on to infer (from his own statement): "in order that unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might become known through the church the manifold wisdom of God."

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation - 2 Peter 1:20

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