Ephesians 2:12

That at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:
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Gaius Marius Victorinus

AD 400
The true way of Israel consists in living according to the Spirit, thinking according to the Spirit and being circumcised from unworthy desires. .

Jerome

AD 420
When he says “having no hope, without God in the world,” he does not deny that the Ephesians had many gods before they believed in Christ. His point is that one who is without the true God has no god worthy of the name. And the next phrase, “without God in the world,” is significant: The Gentiles in a sense already had God indeed in the form of anticipation, because God knew beforehand that he would have them. In God’s foreknowledge they were never without God. But enmeshed in the world they were without God. . ...

Lucius Caecilius Firmianus Lactantius

AD 320
The inheritance of eternal life upon foreign nations, and collect to Himself a more faithful people out of those who were aliens

Shepherd of Hermas

AD 150
For many will their regrets be; for they have no hope, but have despaired of themselves and their life.

Tertullian of Carthage

AD 220
Them to remember, that at the time when they were Gentiles they were without Christ, aliens from (the commonwealth of) Israel, without intercourse, without the covenants and any hope of promise, nay, without God, even in his own world. Who is now in some sense an "alien "and "stranger."

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. - 2 Peter 1:20

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