And it shall come to pass in the last days,
I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
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Ambrose of Milan
will pour out from my Spirit.”:
He did not say “my Spirit,” but “from my Spirit,” for we cannot take the fullness of the Holy Spirit, but we receive so much as our Master divides of his own according to his will.
upon all flesh:
This suggests not only those from the circumcision, but all those without distinction who are called through faith, be they from pagans in their error, be they small or great, slave or free, barbarians or Scythians;
sons and your daughters shall prophesy :
Implying in this the liberality of the grace and its equal application to all; the female sex would not be rejected by God if they performed with zeal what pleases him and opted for that attitude, nor would they be without a share in recompense and sanctification if they proved commmendable in faith and the goodness of their actions.
and your elders:
in my view meaning by elder pre-eminence and priority coming from quality of virtue, mature, as it were, with spendid achievements, and distinguised and admirable for mature thinking. ...
For Peter says: "But this is that which was spoken by the prophet; It shall come to pass in the last days, saith the Lord, I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh: and their sons and their daughters shall prophesy, and their young men shall see visions, and their old men shall dream dreams: and upon my servants, and upon my handmaidens, will I pour out of my Spirit; " ...
I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh".
For "in the last days "saith He "I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh.".
Now was absolutely fulfilled that promise of the Spirit which was given by the word of Joel: "In the last days will I pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh, and their sons and their daughters shall prophesy; and upon my servants and upon my handmaids will I pour out of my Spirit.".
But yet Almighty God, in His most gracious providence, by "pouring out of His Spirit in these last days, upon all flesh, upon His servants and on His handmaidens" ...
in the last days:
Similar expressions that are to be found in Scripture. For they are not intended to indicate a short length of time, but to signify the last state of the world, which is the last age of all, and it is not stated definitely how long this will last. Thus neither is fixed duration appointed to old age, which is the last age of man, since sometimes it is seen to last as long as or even longer than all the previous ages, ...