You love righteousness, and hate wickedness: therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows.
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Augustine of Hippo
16. "Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity" (ver. 7). See there "the rod of direction" described. "Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity." Draw near to that "rod;" let Christ be thy King: let Him "rule" thee with that rod, not crush thee with it. For that rod is "a rod of iron;" an inflexible rod. "Thou shalt rule them with a rod of iron: and break them in pieces like a potter's vessel." Some He rules; others He "breaks in pieces:" He "rules" them that are spiritual: He "breaks in pieces" them that are carnal. ...Would He so loudly declare that He was about to smite thee, if He wished to smite thee? He is then holding back His hand from the punishment of thine offences; but do not thou hold back. Turn thou thyself to the punishment of thine offences: for unpunished offences cannot be: punishment therefore must be executed either by thyself, or by Him: do thou then plead guilty, that He may reprieve thee. Consider an instance in that penitential Psalm: "Hide Thy ...
God. Symmachus Thee. (Theophylactus)
Elohim is used in both places, (Haydock) with a singular verb, as being spoken of the Deity. (St. Iren us iii. 6.) (Bossuet) (Du Hamel)
"O Elohim, thy Elohim "(Haydock) which implies more than one person in God. (Berthier)
Many king might be preferred to Solomon; but Christ was raised above all. (Worthington)
Fellows. In consequence of the free gift of God, in uniting the human nature to the second person, the Messias advanced in glory; (Haydock) or rather the prophet speaks of his subsequent merits, which entitled him to the greatest felicity.
The oil of gladness, alludes to the reward of his labours. Dia touto seems to require this sense, though the Hebrew may be rendered, "because. "(Berthier)
Either the cause or the effect may be meant. (Menochius)
Solomon was chosen before many of his elder brothers; but Christ was anointed by the Holy Spirit, Acts x. 38. (Calmet) ...