It is God that avenges me, and subdues the people under me.
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Augustine of Hippo
48. "O God, who givest Me vengeance, and subduest the people under Me" (ver. 47). O God, who avengest Me by subduing the people under Me. "My Deliverer from My angry enemies:" the Jews crying out, "Crucify Him, Crucify Him."
Avengest, or "grantest me revenges "(Haydock) and the victory; inflicting a just punishment on the wicked. David was too well informed to delight in sentiments of revenge, 3 Kings iii. 11. Jesus Christ takes vengeance on his enemies, but this is done without passion. The love of justice is his only motive. David approves of this conduct. (Calmet)
Enraged enemies. Vulgate iracundis. (Haydock)
Septuagint have thus explained aph, "wrath "others join it with the following verse, "But (Calmet) or yea "(Haydock) etiam. The former version is, however, very accurate. (Berthier) ...