Philippians 2:15

That you may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom you shine as lights in the world;
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Chromatius of Aquileia

AD 407
With the very light of truth we are to illumine those who are caught in the shadows of error, dispelling the night of ignorance…. If we do not do this, it will be apparent that our infidelity has, as it were, concealed and overshadowed the benefits of this needful light, to our own perdition as well as that of others. –. ...

Clement Of Alexandria

AD 215
"For it is not he who brings a stealthy vocal word to men "as Bacchylidis says, "who shall be the Word of Wisdom; "but "the blameless, the pure, and faultless sons of God "according to Paul, "in the midst of a crooked and perverse generation, to shine as lights in the world."

Clement Of Rome

AD 99
And of life, and they are truly the city of God, and the houses and temples in which God abides and dwells, and among which He walks, as in the holy city of heaven. For in this "do ye appear to the world as lights, in that ye give heed to the Word of life"

Cyprian of Carthage

AD 258
And Paul the apostle says, "Shine as lights in the world.". Also Paul to the Philippians: "Shine as lights in the world."


AD 420
He says not “you are” but “so that you may be,” deferring it to the future and not asserting it as a present fact, to show that here there is toil and struggle and there the rewards of toil and virtue.

John Chrysostom

AD 407
Do you do something good but grumble? Why? Is there any constraint upon you? “I know,” he says, “that many of your neighbors influence you to complain,” for this is what he hints at when he says “in the midst of a wicked and perverse generation.” But the way to excite wonder is to suffer no such thing even under provocation. For the stars too shine in darkness yet suffer no diminution of their own beauty, but instead they shine all the brighter. . ...

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. - 2 Peter 1:20

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