Matthew 3:2

And saying, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
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George Leo Haydock

AD 1849
"Desert "in Greek eremos, hence hermit. St. John the Baptist is praised by St. John Chrysostom, as a perfect model, and the prince of an Eremitical life. (Hom. i. in Mar. and hom. i. in J. Bap.) Several sectarists do not approve of what St. Chrysostom advances in favour of an ascetic life, and doing penance for past sins. (Bristow) Do penance. Beza would have it translated repent. We retain the ancient expression, consecrated in a manner by the use of the Church; especially since a true conversion comprehends not only a change of mind, and a new life, but also a sorrow for past offences, accompanied with self-denials, and some severities of a penitential life. The kingdom of heaven, which many times signifies the present condition of Christ's Church. (Witham) In this and other places of holy writ, instead of "do penance "Protestants give "repent ye "but general use has rendered metanoia, by poenitentia, or penance; and in this text, not any kind of penance, or grief for sins committ...

Theophylact of Ochrid

AD 1107
The Jews were arrogant, and so he urges them to repent. The kingdom of heaven means the first and second comings of Christ, and also the virtuous life. For when we walk on earth as if we lived in heaven, not living according to the passions, then we possess the kingdom of heaven.

Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. - 2 Peter 1:20

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