Thy brother is to be reproved in private, lest if once he has lost a sense of shame, he should continue in sin.
For in saving another, salvation is gained for ourselves also.
Or it is to be understood in this way; If he will not hear thee, take with theeone brother only; if he yet will not hear, take a third, either from your zeal for his amendment, that shame or admonition may move him; or for the purpose of meeting before witnesses.
If yet he will not hear them, then it must be told to many, that he may be held in abhorrence; so that he who could not be saved by his own sense of shame, maybe saved by public disgrace; whence it follows, “If he will not hear them, tellit to the Church.”.
That He says, “As a heathen and a publican,” shows that he is to be more abhorred, who under the name of a believer does the deeds of an unbeliever, than those that are openly gentiles. Those He calls publicans, who pursue worldly gain, and levy contributions by trading, cheating, and villainous frauds...