Therefore you shall make images of your tumors, and images of your mice that mar the land; and you shall give glory unto the God of Israel: perhaps he will lighten his hand from off you, and from off your gods, and from off your land.
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We read in the first book of Kings [Samuel] that because of the damage done to the consecrated ark the foreigners were smitten on their hinder parts, so that they even suffered the dreadful fate of being gnawed alive by mice. This remains a perennial reproach on them, because no other was punished in this way. Similarly he afflicts sinners in the afterlife … they are so devoured by mice when the devil’s hostile troop surrounds them. - "Exposition of the Psalms 77.66" ...
Provinces. Hebrew seranim, "lords. "
Emerods. Theodoret observes, that the tombs of the martyrs were adorned with figures of eyes, in gratitude for their having procured redress for the afflicted.
Israel, whose ark you have treated in an improper manner. (Calmet)
You shall thus confess that He chastises, and grants health. (Menochius)
Gods. Not only Dagon, but the other idols, were humbled, (Haydock) though the Hebrew word denotes also one god, or princes ...