And Satan stood up against Israel, and incited David to number Israel.
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George Leo Haydock
Satan. This shows that the Lord only (Haydock) permitted David's sin, (2 Kings xxiv.; Worthington) and in this sense only he is said to have instigated him; (Du Hamel) though we read this was done by the fury of the Lord, or by an evil spirit. (Haydock)